Archive of Peer Reviewed Articles


  • Schwartz, C., M. Wong, G. S. Romine, R. A. Sobash, and K. R. Fossell (2020): Initial conditions for convection-allowing ensembles over the conterminous United States. Mon. Wea. Rev., accepted.
  • Wong, M., G. S. Romine, C. S. Snyder (February 2020): Model improvement through a systematic investigation of physics tendencies. Mon. Wea. Rev., 148, 671–688,


  • Brewster, M. Xue, K. W. Thomas, T. A. Supine, B. Albright, and S. Perfater (June 2019): Evaluation of convection-permitting precipitation forecast products using WRF, NMMB, and FV3 for the 2016-2017 NOAA Hydrometeorology Testbed Flash Flood and Intense Rainfall Experiments. Weather Forecast., 34, 781-804,
  • Erickson, M. J., J. S. Kastman, B. Albright, S. Perfater, J. A. Nelson, R. S. Schumacher, and G. R. Herman (2019): Verification Results from the 2017 HMT–WPC Flash Flood and Intense Rainfall Experiment. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 58, 2591–2604,
  • Snook, N., F. Kong, K. A. Brewster, M. Xue, K. W. Thomas, T. A. Supinie, S. Perfater, and B. Albright (June 2019): Evaluation of Convection-Permitting Precipitation Forecast Products Using WRF, NMMB, and FV3 for the 2016–17 NOAA Hydrometeorology Testbed Flash Flood and Intense Rainfall Experiments. Wea. Forecasting, 34, 781–804,


  • Blake, B.T., J. R. Carley, T. I. Alcott, I. Jankov, M. E. Pyle, S. E. Perfater, and B. Albright (August 2018): An Adaptive Approach for the Calculation of Ensemble Gridpoint Probabilities. Wea. Forecasting, 33, 1063–1080,
  • Grell, E. D., J.-W. Bao, D. E. Kingsmill, and S. A. Michelson (May 2018): On the importance of a consistent treatment of prognostic moisture variables between convective and microphysical parameterizations. Mon. Wea. Rev., 146, 1527-1548,
  • Herman, G. R. and R. S. Schumacher (June 2018): "Dendrology" in Numerical Weather Prediction: What random forests and logistic regression tell us about forecasting extreme precipitation. Mon. Wea. Rev., 146, 1785-1812,
  • Herman, G. R. and R. S. Schumacher (May 2018): Money doesn't grow on trees, but forecasts do: Forecasting extreme precipitation with random forests. Mon. Wea. Rev., 146, 1571-1600,


  • Argyle, E. M., J. J. Gourley, Z. L. Flamig, T. Hansen, and K. Manross (February 2017): Towards a user-centered design of a weather forecasting decision support tool. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 98, 373–382,
  • Martinaitis, S. M., J. J. Gourley, Z. L. Flamig, E. M. Argyle, R. A. Clark, A. Arthur, B. R. Smith, J. M. Erlingis, S. Perfater, B. Albright (February 2017): The HMT Multi-Radar Multi-Sensor Hydro Experiment. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 98, 347–359,
  • Terti, G., I. Ruin, S. Anquetin, and J. Gourley (February 2017): A situation-based analysis of flash flood fatalities in the United States. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 98, 333–345,
  • Gourley, J.J., Z. Flamig, H. Vergara, P. Kirstetter, R. Clark III, E. Argyle, A. Arthur, S. Martinaitis, G. Terti, J. Erlingis, Y. Hong, and K. Howard (February 2017): The Flooded Locations And Simulated Hydrographs (FLASH) project: improving the tools for flash flood monitoring and prediction across the United States. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 98, 361–372,
  • Willie, D., H. Chen, V. Chandrasekar, R. Cifelli, C. Campbell, D. Reynolds, S. Matrosov, and Y. Zhang (May 2017): Evaluation of Multisensor Quantitative Precipitation Estimation in the Russian River Basin. J. Hydrol. Eng., 22(5), E5016002,


  • Hobbins MT, Wood A, McEvoy D, Huntington J, Morton C, Verdin J, Anderson M, and Hain C (June 2016), The Evaporative Demand Drought Index: Part I - Linking drought evolution to variations in evaporative demand. J. Hydrometeor., 17, 1745–1761,
  • Mahoney, K., D. L. Jackson, P. Neiman, M. Hughes, L. Darby, G. Wick, A. White, E. Sukovich, R. Cifelli (April 2016): Understanding the role of atmospheric rivers in heavy precipitation in the Southeast US. Mon. Wea. Rev., 144, 1617–1632,
  • Matrosov S. Y. (June 2016): Radar Rain-Rate Estimators and their Variability due to Rainfall Type: An Assessment Based on Hydrometeorology Testbed Data from the Southeastern United States. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 55 (6), 1345-1358,
  • McEvoy D, Huntington J, Hobbins MT, Wood A, Morton C, Verdin J, Anderson M, and Hain C (June 2016): The Evaporative Demand Drought Index: Part II - CONUS-wide assessment against common drought indicators. J. Hydrometeor., 17, 1763–1779,
  • Neiman P. J., D. J. Gottas, A. B. White, L. J. Schick and F. M. Ralph (December 2014): The Use of Snow-Level Observations Derived from Vertically Profiling Radars to Assess Hydrometeorological Characteristics and Forecasts over Washington's Green River Basin. J. Hydrometeor., 15, 2522-2541,
  • Neiman, P. J., B. J. Moore, A. B. White, G. A. Wick, J. Aikins, D. L. Jackson, J. R. Spackman, and F. M. Ralph (March 2016): An airborne and ground-based study of a long-lived and intense atmospheric river with mesoscale frontal waves impacting California during CalWater–2014. Mon. Wea. Rev., 144, 1115-1144,
  • Reynolds, D. W., T. Coleman, D. J. Gottas, and T. LeFebvre (January 2016): Utilization of Real-Time Vineyard Observations to Produce Downscaled Temperature Forecasts for Frost Protection Operations. J. Operational Meteor., 4(1), 1-21,
  • Zhang, Y., S. Reed., J. J. Gourley, B. Cosgrove, D. Kitzmiller, D.-J. Seo, and R. Cifelli (October 2016): The Impacts of Climatological Adjustment of Quantitative Precipitation Estimates on the Accuracy of Flash Flood Detection. J. Hydrol., 541, Part A, 387-400,


  • Barthold, F. E., T. E. Workoff, B. A. Cosgrove, J. J. Gourley, D. R. Novak, and K. M. Mahoney (November 2015): Improving Flash Flood Forecasts: The HMT-WPC Flash Flood and Intense Rainfall Experiment. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 96, 1859–1866,
  • Chandra, A., Zhang, C., Kollias, P., Matrosov, S., and Szyrmer, W. (September 2015): Automated rain rate estimates using the Ka-band ARM zenith radar (KAZR), Atmos. Meas. Tech., 8, 3685-3699,
  • Gochis, D., R. Schumacher, K. Friedrich, N. Doesken, M. Kelsch, J. Sun, K. Ikeda, D. Lindsey, A. Wood, B. Dolan, S. Matrosov, A. Newman, K. Mahoney, S. Rutledge, R. Johnson, P. Kucera, P. Kennedy, D. Sempere-Torres, M. Steiner, R. Roberts, J. Wilson, W. Yu, V. Chandrasekar, R. Rasmussen, A. Anderson, and B. Brown (September 2015): The Great Colorado Flood of September 2013. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 96, 1461-1487,
  • Grell, E.D., J-W Bao, D.E. Kingsmill, and S.A. Michelson, 2018: On the importance of a consistent treatment of prognostic moisture variables between convective and microphysical parameterizations. Mon. Wea. Rev., 146, 1527-1548, https://
  • Intrieri, J. M., G. de Boer, M. D. Shupe, J. R. Spackman, J. Wang, P. J. Neiman, G. A. Wick, T. F. Hock and R. E. Hood (November 2014): Global Hawk dropsonde observations of the Arctic atmosphere obtained during the Winter Storms and Pacific Atmospheric Rivers (WISPAR) field campaign. Atmos. Meas. Tech., 7 (11), 3917-3926,
  • Matrosov, S. Y. (July 2015): The Use of CloudSat Data to Evaluate Retrievals of Total Ice Content in Precipitating Cloud Systems from Ground-Based Operational Radar Measurements. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 54, 1663-1674.
  • Moore B. J., K. M. Mahoney, E. M. Sukovich, R. Cifelli and T. M. Hamill (March 2015): Climatology and Environmental Characteristics of Extreme Precipitation Events in the Southeastern United States. Mon. Wea. Rev., 143, 718-741,
  • White, A. B., K. M. Mahoney, R. Cifelli, and C. King (December 2015): Wind Profilers to Aid with Monitoring and Forecasting of High Impact Weather in the Southeastern and Western U.S. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 96, 2039-2043,
  • White A. B., P. J. Neiman, J. M. Creamean, T. Coleman, F. M. Ralph and K. A. Prather (June 2015): The Impacts of California's San Francisco Bay Area Gap on Precipitation Observed in the Sierra Nevada during HMT and CalWater. J. Hydrometeor., 16, 1048-1069,


  • Baxter, ​M. A., ​G​.​ M. Lackmann, K​. ​M. Mahoney, T​. ​E. Workoff, and T​. ​M. Hamill (October 2014): Verification of Quantitative Precipitation Reforecasts over the Southeastern United States. Wea. Forecasting, 29(5), 1199-1207.​ ​
  • Hou, A. Y., R. K. Kakar, S. Neeck, A. A. Azarbarzin, C. D. Kummerow, M. Kojima, R. Oki, K. Nakamura, and T. Iguchi (May 2014): The Global Precipitation Measurement Mission. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 95, 701-722.
  • Hughes, M., K. M. Mahoney, P. J. Neiman, B. J. Moore, M. Alexander, and F. M. Ralph (October 2014): The Landfall and Inland Penetration of a Flood-Producing Atmospheric River in Arizona. Part II: Sensitivity of Modeled Precipitation to Terrain Height and Atmospheric River Orientation. J. Hydrometeor, 15, 1954-1974.
  • Lim, S., D.-R. Lee, R. Cifelli, S. H. Hwang (June 2014): Quantitative precipitation estimation for an X-band dual-polarization radar in the complex mountainous terrain. KSCE J. Civil Engineering, 18(5), 1548-1553.
  • Matrosov, S. Y. (October 2014): Intercomparisons of CloudSat and Ground-Based Radar Retrievals of Rain Rate over Land. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 53, 2360–2370. 10.1175/JAMC-D-14-0055.1.
  • Matrosov, S. Y., P. C. Kennedy, and R. Cifelli (November 2014): Experimentally Based Estimates of Relations between X-Band Radar Signal Attenuation Characteristics and Differential Phase in Rain. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 31(11), 2442-2450.
  • Matrosov, Sergey Y., F. M. Ralph, P. J. Neiman, A. B. White (February 2014): Quantitative Assessment of Operational Weather Radar Rainfall Estimates over California's Northern Sonoma County Using HMT-West Data. J. Hydrometeor., 15, 393-410.
  • Neiman, P. J., F. M. Ralph, B. J. Moore, and R. J. Zamora (August 2014): The Regional Influence of an Intense Sierra Barrier Jet and Landfalling Atmospheric River on Orographic Precipitation in Northern California: A Case Study. J. Hydrometeor., 15, 1419-1439.
  • Neiman, P. J., G. A. Wick, B. J. Moore, F. M. Ralph, J. R. Spackman, and B. Ward (September 2014): An Airborne Study of an Atmospheric River over the Subtropical Pacific during WISPAR: Dropsonde Budget-Box Diagnostics and Precipitation Impacts in Hawaii. Mon. Wea. Rev., 142, 3199-3223.
  • Neiman, P. J., D. J. Gottas, A. B. White, L. J. Schick, and F. M. Ralph (December 2014): The Use of Snow-Level Observations Derived from Vertically Profiling Radars to Assess Hydrometeorological Characteristics and Forecasts over Washington's Green River Basin. J. Hydrometeor., 15(6), 2522-2541,
  • Qi, Y., J. Zhang, B. Kaney, C. Langston, and K. Howard (June 2014): Improving WSR-88D Radar QPE for Orographic Precipitation Using Profiler Observations. J. Hydrometeor., 15, 1135-1151.
  • Ralph, F. M., M. Dettinger, A. White, D. Reynolds, D. Cayan, T. Schneider, R. Cifelli, K. Redmond, M. Anderson, F. Gherke, J. Jones, K. Mahoney, L. Johnson, S. Gutman, V. Chandrasekar, J. Lundquist, N. Molotch, L. Brekke, R. Pulwarty, J. Horel, L. Schick, A. Edman, P.Mote, J. Abatzoglou, R. Pierce, and G. Wick, (April 2014): A vision for future observations for Western U.S. extreme precipitation and flooding. Journal of Contemporary Water Research and Education, Universities Council on Water Resources, 153, 16-32
  • Rutz, J. J., W. J. Steenburgh, and F. M. Ralph (February 2014): Climatological Characteristics of Atmospheric Rivers and Their Inland Penetration over the Western United States. Mon. Wea. Rev., 142, 905-921.
  • Sukovich, E. M., F. M. Ralph, F. E. Barthold, D. W. Reynolds, and D. R. Novak (August 2014) : Extreme Quantitative Precipitation Forecast Performance at the Weather Prediction Center from 2001 to 2011. Wea. Forecasting, 29, 894-911.
  • Walsh, E. J., I. PopStefanija, S. Y. Matrosov, J. Zhang, E. Uhlhorn, B. Klotz (April 2014): Airborne Rain-Rate Measurement with a Wide-Swath Radar Altimeter. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 31, 860-875.
  • Robert J. Zamora, Edward P. Clark, Eric Rogers, Michael B. Ek, and Timothy M. Lahmers (February 2014): An Examination of Meteorological and Soil Moisture Conditions in the Babocomari River Basin before the Flood Event of 2008. J. Hydrometeor., 15, 243-260.


  • Creamean, J. M., D. J. Suski, D. Rosenfeld, A. Cazorla, P. J. DeMott, R. C. Sullivan, A. B. White, F. M. White, P. Minnis, J. M. Comstock, J. M. Tomlinson, K. A. Prather (March 2013): Dust and Biological Aerosols from the Shara and Asia Influence Precipitation in the Western US. Science, 339(6127), 1572-1578,
  • Dettinger, M. and L. Ingram (January 2013): The Coming Megafloods. Scientific American, 308(1), 64-71,
  • Fan, J., Leung, L. R., DeMott, P. J., Comstock, J. M., Singh, B., Rosenfeld, D., Tomlinson, J. M., White, A., Prather, K. A., Minnis, P., Ayers, J. K., and Min, Q. (July 2013): Aerosol impacts on California winter clouds and precipitation during CalWater 2011: Local pollution vs. long-range transported dust. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 13, 19921-19970,
  • Guan, B., N. P. Molotch, D. E. Waliser, E. J. Fetzer, and P. J. Neiman (October 2013): The 2010/2011 snow season in California's Sierra Nevada: Role of atmospheric rivers and modes of large-scale variability, Water Resour. Res., 49, 6731-6743.
  • Kim J., D. E. Waliser, P. J. Neiman, B. Guan, J.-M. Ryoo and G. A. Wick (January 2013): Effects of atmospheric river landfalls on the cold season precipitation in California. Clim. Dyn., 40(1-2), 465-474,
  • Kingsmill, D. E., P. J. Neiman, B. J. Moore, M. Hughes, S. E. Yuter, and M. Ralph (June 2013): Kinematic and thermodynamic structures of Sierra barrier jets and overrunning atmospheric rivers during a land-falling winter storm in northern California. Mon. Weather Rev., 141(6), 2015-2036,
  • Lim, S., R. Cifelli, V. Chandrasekar, and S. Y. Matrosov (September 2013): Precipitation Classification and Quantification Using X-Band Dual-Polarization Weather Radar: Application in the Hydrometeorology Testbed. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 30, 2108-2120,
  • Matrosov, S. Y. (November 2013): Characteristics of Landfalling Atmospheric Rivers Inferred from Satellite Observations over the Eastern North Pacific Ocean. Mon. Weather Rev., 141(11), 3757-3768,
  • Matrosov, S. Y., R. Cifelli, and D. Gochis (February 2013): Measurements of heavy convective rainfall in presence of hail in flood-prone areas using an X-band polarimetric radar. J. Appl. Meteorol. Clim., 52(2), 395-407,
  • Minder, J. R., and D. E. Kingsmill (March 2013): Mesoscale variations of the atmospheric snow-line over the northern Sierra Nevada: multi-year statistics, case study, and mechanisms. J. Atmos. Sci., 70(3), 916-938,
  • Mizukami, N., V. Koren, M. Smith, D. Kingsmill, Z. Xhang, B. Cosgrove, and Z. Cui (August 2013): The impact of precipitation type discrimination on hydrologic simulation - rain-snow partitioning derived from HMT-West radar-detected bright-band height versus surface temperature data. J. Hydrometeorol., 14, 1139-1158,
  • Neiman, Paul J., Mimi Hughes, Benjamin J. Moore, F. Martin Ralph, Ellen M. Sukovich (December 2013): Sierra Barrier Jets, Atmospheric Rivers, and Precipitation Characteristics in Northern California: A Composite Perspective Based on a Network of Wind Profilers. Mon. Wea. Rev., 141, 4211-4233,
  • Neiman, Paul J., F. M. Ralph, B. J. Moore, M. Hughes, K. M. Mahoney, J. M. Cordeira, M. D. Dettinger (April 2013): The Landfall and Inland Penetration of a Flood-Producing Atmospheric River in Arizona. Part I: Observed Synoptic-Scale, Orographic, and Hydrometeorological Characteristics. J. Hydrometeor., 14, 460-484,
  • Ralph, F. M., T. Coleman, P. J. Neiman, R. J. Zamora, M. D. Dettinger (April 2013): Observed Impacts of Duration and Seasonality of Atmospheric-River Landfalls on Soil Moisture and Runoff in Coastal Northern California. J. Hydrometeor., 14, 443-459,
  • Ralph, F. Martin, J. Intrieri, D. Andra Jr., et al. (August 2013): The Emergence of Weather-Related Test Beds Linking Research and Forecasting Operations. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 94, 1187-1211,
  • Stuart, N. A., R. H. Grumm, and M. J. Bodner (October 2013): Analyzing predictability and communicating uncertainty: Lessons from the post-Groundhog Day 2009 storm and the March 2009 “megastorm.” J. Operational Meteor., 1(16), 185–199,
  • Wayand, Nicholas E., Alan F. Hamlet, Mimi Hughes, Shara I. Feld, Jessica D. Lundquist (June 2013): Intercomparison of Meteorological Forcing Data from Empirical and Mesoscale Model Sources in the North Fork American River Basin in Northern Sierra Nevada, California. J. Hydrometeor., 14, 677-699,
  • White, A. B., M. L. Anderson, M. D. Dettinger, et al. (August 2013): A Twenty-First-Century California Observing Network for Monitoring Extreme Weather Events. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 30, 1585-1603,
  • Wick, G. A., P. J. Neiman, F. M. Ralph, T. M. Hamill (December 2013): Evaluation of Forecasts of the Water Vapor Signature of Atmospheric Rivers in Operational Numerical Weather Prediction Models. Wea. Forecasting, 28, 1337-1352,


  • Clark, A. J., S. J. Weiss, J. S. Kain, I. L. Jirak, M. Coniglio, C. J. Melick, C. Siewert, R. A. Sobash, P. T. Marsh, A. R. Dean, M. Xue, F. Kong, K. W. Thomas, Y. Wang, K. Brewster, J. Gao, X. Wang, J. Du, D. R. Novak, F. E. Barthold, M. J. Bodner, J. J. Levit, C. B. Entwistle, T. L. Jensen, and J. Correia (January 2012): An Overview of the 2010 Hazardous Weather Testbed Experimental Forecast Program Spring Experiment. Bull. Am. Meteor. Soc., 93(1), 55-74,
  • Guan, B., D. E. Waliser, N. P. Molotch, E. J. Fetzer, P. J. Neiman (February 2012): Does the Madden–Julian Oscillation Influence Wintertime Atmospheric Rivers and Snowpack in the Sierra Nevada? Mon. Weather Rev., 140(2), 325-342,
  • Matrosov, S. Y. (February 2011): Observations of Wintertime U.S. West Coast Precipitating Systems with W-Band Satellite Radar and Other Spaceborne Instruments. J. Hydrometeorol., 13(1), 223-238,
  • Moore, B. J., P. J. Neiman, F. M. Ralph, and F. E. Barthold (February 2012): Physical processes associated with heavy flooding rainfall in Nashville, Tennessee, and Vicinity during 1-2 May 2010: The role of an atmospheric river and mesoscale convective systems. Mon. Weather Rev., 140(2), 358-378,
  • Ralph, F. M., M. D. Dettinger (June 2012): Historical and National Perspectives on Extreme West Coast Precipitation Associated with Atmospheric Rivers during December 2010. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 93(6), 783-790,
  • White, A. B., B. Colman, G. M. Carter, F. Martin Ralph, R. S. Webb, D. G. Brandon, C. W. King, P. J. Neiman, D. J. Gottas, I. Jankov, K. F. Brill, Y. Zhu, K. Cook, H. E. Buehner, H. Opitz, D. W. Reynolds, L. J. Schick (February 2012): NOAA's Rapid Response to the Howard A. Hanson Dam Flood Risk Management Crisis. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 93(2), 189-207,
  • Zhang, J., Y. Qi, D. Kingsmill, and K. Howard (December 2012): Radar-based Quantitative Precipitation Estimation for the cool season in complex terrain: Case studies from the NOAA Hydrometeorology Testbed. J. Hydrometeorol., 13(6), 1836-1854,


  • Ault, A. P., C. R. Williams, A. B. White, P. J. Neiman, J. M. Creamean, C. J. Gaston, F. M. Ralph, and K. A. Prather (August 2011): Detection of Asian dust in California orographic precipitation. J. Geophys. Res., 116, D16205,
  • Bodner, M. J., N. W. Junker, R. H. Grumm, and R. S. Schumacher (2011): Comparison of the 2008 Midwest Floods to the Historic 1993 Floods: Atmospheric Circulation and Processes. Natl. Wea. Dig., 35(2), 103-119.
  • Dettinger, M. D., F. M. Ralph, T. Das, P. J. Neiman, and D. Cayan (March 2011): Atmospheric rivers, floods, and the water resources of California. Water, 3 (Special Issue on Managing Water Resources and Development in a Changing Climate), 455-478,
  • Lavers, D. A., R. P. Allan, E. F. Wood, G. Villarini, D. J. Brayshaw, and A. J. Wade (December 2011): Winter floods in Britain are connected to atmospheric rivers, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38(23), L23803,
  • Ma, Z., Y-H. Kuo, F. M. Ralph, P. J. Neiman, G. A. Wick, E. Sukovich, B. Wang (July 2011): Assimilation of GPS Radio Occultation Data for an Intense Atmospheric River with the NCEP Regional GSI System. Mon. Weather Rev. 139(7), 2170-2183,
  • Matrosov, S. Y. (December 2011): Polarimetric Radar–Based Estimates of Spatial Variability in Characteristic Sizes of Raindrops in Stratiform Rainfall. J. Appl. Meteorol. Clim., 50(12), 2514-2525,
  • Neiman, P. J., L. J. Schick, F. M. Ralph, M. Hughes, G. A. Wick (December 2011): Flooding in Western Washington: The Connection to Atmospheric Rivers. J. Hydrometeorol., 12(6), 1337-1358,
  • Porter, K., D. Cox, C. Alpers, P. Barnard, J. Carter, M. Dettinger, J. Ferris, S. Morman, S. Perry, G. Plumlee, J. Stock, D. Strong, A. Wein, F. M. Ralph, D. Reynolds, C. Wills, K. Schaefer, A. Olsen, K. Topping, A. Rose, J. Serakos, and M. Eymann (January 2011): Overview of the ARkStorm scenario. USGS Open File Report, 2010-1312, 72 p.
  • Ralph, F. M., and M. D.Dettinger (August 2011), Storms, floods, and the science of atmospheric rivers, Eos Trans. AGU, 92(32), 265,
  • Ralph, F. M., P. J. Neiman, G. N. Kiladis, K. Weickman, and D. W. Reynolds (April 2011): A multi-scale observational case study of a Pacific atmospheric river exhibiting tropical-extratropical connections and a mesoscale frontal wave. Mon. Weather Rev., 139(4), 1169-1189,
  • Zamora, R.J., F. M. Ralph, E. Clark, T. Schneider (September 2011): The NOAA Hydrometeorology Testbed Soil Moisture Observing Networks: Design, Instrumentation, and Preliminary Results. J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech., 28(9), 1129-1140,


  • Bosart, L. F., T. J. Galarneau, Jr., J. M. Cordeira, and B. J. Moore, 2010: Extreme rainstorms in advance of tropical cyclones. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 91, 854-856,
  • Galarneau, T. J., Jr., L. F. Bosart, and R. S. Schumacher, 2010: Predecessor rain events ahead of tropical cyclones. Mon. Weather Rev., 138(8), 3272-3297,
  • Guan, B., N. P. Molotch, D. E. Waliser, E. J. Fetzer, and P. J. Neiman, 2010: Extreme snowfall events linked to atmospheric rivers and surface air temperature via satellite measurements. Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L20401,
  • Hsu, C., 2010: Downscaling of Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer (AMSR-E) soil moisture using a thermal sensor and the physically-based models. In C. Hsu, Remote sensing applications for environmental management. (Doctoral dissertation, University of Colorado Denver, 2010) (pp. 103 - 122). Denver, Colorado, USA: UMI.
  • Hsu, C., 2010: High-Resolution Soil Moisture Retrieval in the Platte River Watersheds. Colorado Water, 27(3), 26-29.
  • Lundquist, Jessica D., Justin R. Minder, Paul J. Neiman, Ellen Sukovich, 2010: Relationships between Barrier Jet Heights, Orographic Precipitation Gradients, and Streamflow in the Northern Sierra Nevada. J. Hydrometeorol., 11, 1141-1156,
  • Matrosov, S. Y., 2010: Evaluating Polarimetric X-Band Rainfall Estimators during HMT. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 27. 122-134,
  • Moore, B. J., 2010: Synoptic-scale environments and dynamical mechanisms associated with predecessor rain events ahead of tropical cyclones. M.S. Thesis, Department of Atmospheric and Environmental Sciences, University at Albany, State University of New York, 150 pp.
  • Neiman, P. J., E. M. Sukovich, F. M. Ralph, M. Hughes, 2010: A Seven-Year Wind Profiler-Based Climatology of the Windward Barrier Jet along California's Northern Sierra Nevada. Mon. Weather Rev., 138(4), 1206-1233,
  • Ralph, F. M., E. Sukovich, D. Reynolds, M. Dettinger, S. Weagle, W. Clark, and P. J. Neiman, 2010: Assessment of Extreme Quantitative Precipitation Forecasts and Development of Regional Extreme Event Thresholds Using Data from HMT-2006 and COOP Observers. J. Hydrometeorol., 11, 1288-1306,
  • Smith, B. L., S. E. Yuter, P.J. Neiman, and D. E. Kingsmill, 2010: Water Vapor Fluxes and Orographic Precipitation over Northern California Associated with a Landfalling Atmospheric River. Mon. Weather Rev.. 138, 74-100,
  • White, A. B., D. J. Gottas, A. F. Henkel, P. J. Neiman, F. M. Ralph, and S. I. Gutman, 2010: Developing a Performance Measure for Snow-Level Forecasts. J. Hydrometeorol., 11, 739-753,


  • Matrosov, S.Y., C. Campbell, D. Kingsmill, E. Sukovich, 2009: Assessing Snowfall Rates from X-Band Radar Reflectivity Measurements. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 26, 2324-2339,
  • Gourley, J. J., D. P. Jorgensen, S. Y. Matrosov, and Z. L. Flamig (December 2009): Evaluation of Incremental Improvements to Quantitative Precipitation Estimates in Complex Terrain. J. Hydromet., 10, 1507-1520,
  • Jankov, I., J.-W. Bao, P. J. Neiman, P. J. Schultz, H. Yuan, and A. B. White (August 2009): Evaluation and Comparison of Microphysical Algorithms in WRF-ARW Model Simulations of Atmospheric River Events Affecting the California Coast. J. Hydrometeorol., 10, 847-870,
  • Junker, N.W, M. J. Brennan, F. Pereira, and M. Bodner (April 2009): Assessing the Potential for Rare Precipitation Events with Standardized Anomalies and Ensemble Guidance at the Hydrometeorological Prediction Center. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 90, 445-453,
  • Lundquist, J. D., B. Huggett, H. Roop, and N. Low (April 2009): Use of spatially-distributed stream stage recorders to augment rain gages by identifying locations of thunderstorm precipitation and distinguishing rain from snow. Water Resour. Res., 45,
  • Neiman, P. J., A. B. White, F. M. Ralph, D. J. Gottas, and S. I. Gutman (April 2009): A water vapour flux tool for precipitation forecasting. Proc. Inst. Civil Eng.-Water Man. 162, 83-94,
  • Novak, D. R., B. A. Colle, and R. McTaggart-Cowan (August 2009): The role of moist processes in the formation and evolution of mesoscale snowbands within the comma-head of northeast United States cyclones. Mon. Wea. Rev., 137, 2662-2686,
  • Richiardone, R., and M. Manfrin (December 2009): Neutral saturated lapse rate: An experiment check from CALJET-1998 and PACJET 2001. Mon. Weather Rev., 137, 4382-4385,


  • Coplen, Tyler B., Paul J. Neiman, Allen B. White, Jurate M. Landwehr, F. Martin Ralph, and Michael D. Dettinger, 2008: Extreme changes in stable hydrogen isotopes and precipitation characteristics in a landfalling Pacific storm. Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L21808,
  • Junker, Norman W., Richard H. Grumm, Robert Hart, Lance F. Bosart, Katherine M. Bell, Frank J. Pereira, 2008: Use of Normalized Anomaly Fields to Anticipate Extreme Rainfall in the Mountains of Northern California. Weather Forecasting, 23, 336-356,
  • Lundquist, J. D., P. J. Neiman, B. Martner, A. B. White, D. J. Gottas, and F. M. Ralph, 2008: Rain versus snow in the Sierra Nevada, California: Comparing radar and surface observations of melting level. J. Hydrometeorol., 9, 194-211,
  • Lundquist, J. D., and F. Lott, 2008: Using inexpensive temperature sensors to monitor the duration and heterogeneity of snow-covered areas, Water Resour. Res., 44,
  • Martner, B. E., S. E. Yuter, A. B. White, S. Y. Matrosov, D. E. Kingsmill, and F. M. Ralph, 2008: Raindrop size distributions and rain characteristics in California coastal rainfall for periods with and without a radar brightband. J. Hydrometeorol., 9, (3), 408-425, 10.1175/2007JHM924.1.
  • Matrosov, S. Y., 2008: Assessment of radar signal attenuation caused by the melting hydrometeor layer. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 46, 1039-1047, .
  • Neiman, P. J., F. M. Ralph, G. A. Wick, Y.-H. Kuo, T.-K. Wee, Z. Ma, G. H. Taylor, and M. D. Dettinger, 2008: Diagnosis of an intense atmospheric river impacting the Pacific Northwest: Storm summary and offshore vertical structure observed with COSMIC satellite retrievals. Mon. Weather Rev., 136, 4398-4420,
  • Neiman, P. J., F. M. Ralph, G. A. Wick, J. D. Lundquist and M. D. Dettinger, 2008: Meteorological characteristics and overland precipitation impacts of atmospheric rivers affecting the West Coast of North America based on eight years of SSM/I satellite observations. J. Hydrometeorol., 9, 22-47,
  • Restrepo, P., D.P. Jorgensen, S.H. Cannon, J. Costa, J. Laber, J. Major, B. Martner, J. Purpura, K. Werner, 2008: Joint NOAA/NWS/USGS Prototype Debris Flow Warning System for Recently Burned Areas in Southern California. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 89, 1845-1851,
  • Wick, Gary A., Ying-Hwa Kuo, F. Martin Ralph, Tae-Kwon Wee, and Paul J. Neiman, 2008: Intercomparison of integrated water vapor retrievals from SSM/I and COSMIC. Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L21805,
  • Yuan, H., J. A. McGinley, P. J. Schultz, C. J. Anderson, and C. Lu, 2008: Short-Range Precipitation Forecasts from Time-Lagged Multimodel Ensembles during the HMT-West-2006 Campaign. J. Hydrometeorol., 9, 477-491,


  • Jankov, I., P. J. Schultz, C. J. Anderson, and S. E. Koch, 2007: The Impact of Different Physical Parameterizations and Their Interactions on Cold Season QPF in the American River Basin. J. Hydrometeorol., 8, 1141-1151,
  • Market, P. S., R. L. Ebert-Crepe, and M. Bodner (December 2007): Case Study of a Long Lived Thundersnow Event. Natl. Wea. Dig., 31(2), 103-119.
  • Morss, R. E., and F. M. Ralph, 2007: Use of information by National Weather Service forecasters and emergency managers during CALJET and PACJET-2001. Weather Forecasting, 22, 539-555,
  • Martner, B. E., P. J. Neiman, and A. B. White, 2007: Collocated radar and radiosonde observations of a double brightband melting layer in northern California. Mon. Weather Rev., 135, 2016-2024, 10.1175/MWR3383.1.
  • Matrosov, S. Y., K. A. Clark, and D. E. Kingsmill, 2007: A polarimetric radar approach to identify rain, melting-layer, and snow regions for applying corrections to vertical profiles of reflectivity. J. Appl. Meteorol. Clim., 46, 154-166,
  • Wilczak, J. M., R. R. Leben, and D. S. McCollum, 2007: Upper-ocean thermal structure and heat content off the U.S. West Coast during the 1997-1998 El Niño event using AXBT and satellite altimetry data. Progress in Oceanography, 74, 48-70,


  • Bao, J.-W., S. A. Michelson, P. J. Neiman, F. M. Ralph, and J. M. Wilczak, 2006: Interpretation of enhanced integrated water-vapor bands associated with extratropical cyclones: Their formation and connection to tropical moisture. Mon. Weather Rev., 134, 1063-1080,
  • Im, J.-S., K. Brill, and E. Danaher (February 2006): Confidence interval estimations for quantitative precipitation forecasts (QPF) using short-range ensemble forecasts (SREF). Wea. Forecasting, 21, 24-41,
  • Kingsmill, D. E., A. B. White, P. J. Neiman, F. M. Ralph, 2006: Synoptic and Topographic Variability of Northern California Precipitation Characteristics in Landfalling Winter Storms Observed during CALJET. Mon. Weather Rev., 134, 2072-2094,
  • Neiman, P. J., F. M. Ralph, A. B. White, D. D. Parrish, J. S. Holloway, and D. L. Bartels, 2006: A Multiwinter analysis of channeled flow through a prominent gap along the northern California Coast during CALJET and PACJET. Mon. Weather Rev., 134, 1815-1841,
  • Ralph, F. M., P. J. Neiman, G. A. Wick, S. I. Gutman, M. D. Dettinger, C. R. Cayan, and A. B. White 2006: Flooding on California's Russian River: The Role of Atmospheric Rivers. Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L13801,


  • Dabberdt, W. F., T. W Schlatter. F. H. Carr, E. W. J. Friday, D. Jorgensen, S. Koch, M. Pirone, F. M. Ralph, J. Sun, P. Welsh, J. W. Wilson, and X. Zou, 2005: Multifunctional Mesoscale Observing Networks. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 86, 961-982,
  • Matrosov, S. Y., D. E. Kingsmill, B. E. Martner, and F. M. Ralph, 2005: The utility of X-band polarimetric radar for continuous quantitative estimates of rainfall parameters. J. Hydrometeorol., 6, 248-262,
  • Neiman, P. J., B. E. Martner, A. B. White, G. A. Wick, F. M. Ralph, and D. E. Kingsmill, 2005: Wintertime nonbrightband rain in California and Oregon during CALJET and PACJET: Geographic, interannual, and synoptic variability. Mon. Weather Rev., 133, 1199-1223,
  • Persson, P. O. G., P. J. Neiman, B. Walter, and F. M. Ralph, 2005: Contributions from California coastal-zone surface fluxes to heavy coastal precipitation: A CALJET case study during the strong El Niño of 1998. Mon. Weather Rev., 133, 1175-1198,
  • Ralph, F. M., R. M. Rauber, B. F. Jewett, D. E. Kingsmill, P. Pisano, P. Pugner, R. M. Rasmussen, D. W. Reynolds, T. W. Schlatter, R. E. Stewart, and J. S. Waldstreicher, 2005: Improving short term (0-48 h) cool season quantitative precipitation forecasting: Recommendations from a USWRP workshop. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 86, 1619-1632,
  • Ralph, F. M., P. J. Neiman, and R. Rotunno, 2005: Dropsonde Observations in Low-Level Jets Over the Northeastern Pacific Ocean from CALJET-1998 and PACJET-2001: Mean Vertical-Profile and Atmospheric-River Characteristics. Mon. Weather Rev., 133, 889-910,


  • Andrews, E. D., R. C. Antweiler, P. J. Neiman, and F. M. Ralph, 2004: Influence of ENSO on flood frequency along the California coast. J. Climate, 17, 337-348, [Abstract].
  • Matrosov, S.Y., 2004: Depolarization estimates from linear H and V measurements with weather radars operating in simultaneous transmission-simultaneous receiving mode. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol.. 21, 574-583, [Abstract].
  • Neiman, P. J., F. M. Ralph, D. P. Jorgensen, A. B. White, and D. E. Kingsmill, 2004: Modification of Fronts and Precipitation by Coastal Blocking during an Intense Landfalling Winter Storm in Southern California: Observations during CALJET. Mon. Weather Rev., 132, 242-273, [Abstract].
  • Ralph, F. M., P. J. Neiman, and G. A. Wick, 2004: Satellite and CALJET aircraft observations of atmospheric rivers over the eastern North-Pacific Ocean during the winter of 1997/98. Mon. Weather Rev., 132, 1721-1745, [Abstract].


  • Jorgensen, D. P., P. Zhaoxia, P. O. G. Persson, and W.-K. Tao, 2003: Variations associated with cores and gaps in a Pacific narrow cold frontal rainband. Mon. Weather Rev., 131, 2705-2729, [Abstract].
  • Ralph, F. M., P. J. Neiman, D. E. Kingsmill, P. O. G. Persson, A. B. White, E. T. Strem, E. D. Andrews, and R. C. Antweiler, 2003: The Impact of a Prominent Rain Shadow on Flooding in California's Santa Cruz Mountains: A CALJET Case Study and Sensitivity to the ENSO Cycle. J. Hydrometeorol., 4, 1243-1264, [Abstract].
  • White, A. B., P. J. Neiman, F. M. Ralph, D. E. Kingsmill, and P. O. G. Persson, 2003: Coastal Orographic Rainfall Processes Observed by Radar during the California Land-Falling Jets Experiment. J. Hydrometeorol., 4, 264-282, [Abstract].


  • Neiman, P. J., F. M. Ralph, A. B. White, D. E. Kingsmill, and P. O. G. Persson, 2002: The Statistical Relationship between Upslope Flow and Rainfall in California's Coastal Mountains: Observations during CALJET. Mon. Weather Rev., 130, 1468-1492, [Abstract].
  • White, A. B., D. J. Gottas, E. T. Strem, F. M. Ralph, and P. J. Neiman, 2002: An Automated Brightband Height Detection Algorithm for Use with Doppler Radar Spectral Moments. Atmos. Ocean. Tech., 19, 687-697, [Abstract].


  • Nuss, W. A., and D. K. Miller, 2001: Mesoscale predictability under various synoptic regimes. Nonlinear Proc. Geophys., 8, 429-438, [Abstract].


  • White, A. B., J. R. Jordan, B. E. Martner, F. M. Ralph, and B. W. Bartram, 2000: Extending the Dynamic Range of an S-Band Radar for Cloud and Precipitation Studies. J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech., 17, 1226-1234, [Abstract].